Three important Farmers Bill 2020 has been passed in India as on 20 Sep 20. Which created protest all over the country as Farmers of Punjab, Haryana etc. came on the road in order to oppose passing of these Bills promulgated by the central Govt. during the Monsoon session of the parliament.
These three important Farmers bill 2020 are as follows:-
- Farmers Produce trade and Commerce Bill (Promotion and facilitation Bill) 2020.
- Farmers (empowerment and protection) Agreement of price assurance Farm Services Bill 2020.
- Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill 2020.
Farmers sell their produce in the local market as well as in the APMC (Agricultural Produce Market Committee), based on the Market Act 1963. Indian farmers can made APMC (also Known as Mandis) where the farmer can sell his produce to the middlemen. He then sell these produce to the buyers with higher price. Also, these Middlemen got their commission from both sides.
Otherwise the there is provisions that the farmers can sell its produce to the Govt of India on MSP (Minimum Support Price) in India. Govt of India took this step to protect the farmers from losses and stored these food produce in the Go downs. These stored food products then supplied to the people of India during some natural calamities or emergency situation to avoid food shortage.
BILLS IN DETAILS WITH MERITS AND DEMERITS
Farmers Produce trade and Commerce Bill 2020 (Promotion and facilitation Bill):- This bill initiated the ‘one nation one market’ concept as this allows the farmers to sell their produce anywhere in India.
Previously some states has made it compulsory for farmers to trade with only licensed traders and the middle men also take their commissions from the farmers as a result the farmers get a negligible amount as their wages. Now with this Bill the loophole of the Middleman has been taken care of and the farmers are now free to sell their products anywhere they want as per their choice. For example for better profit the farmers can sell their fruit and vegetable in other states where its demand is more through the corporate companies help.
APMCs (Agricultural Produce Market Committee) are very helpful to small farmers in the way they used to sell their produce at the nearby market place and take the profit. APMCs which help in finding the choice of products in demand by the people of that particular area. Also, the price of products can be easily found out with the help of the APMCs. The passing of the Bill may weaken the APMC system and hence, can act against the interest of the small farmers.
Farmers (empowerment and protection) Agreement of price assurance Farm Services Bill :- As per the Bill proposes Contract farming which is very powerful in strengthening the status of the farmers as they get the price assurance before they sow their crops. Also they could get more help from the private wholesalers and exporters which can be beneficial for the farmers.
As the bill clearly states about privatization of the farming. Hence, private investments came to the agricultural sector which can improve the infrastructure of the agricultural sector. The modernization of the agricultural sector can be one of the outcome. Privatization increases the competition for the produce and as a result the farmers can get better price for their work. In contract farming the farmers can get the price assurance in advance as well as they won’t be the bearer of the unforeseen losers in case of any natural calamity.
In some cases its debated that there is no guarantee that privatization will increase the income of the farmers. In other words it can be said that these bill may turn the Farmers to slaves.
Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill 2020:- This removed the pulses oil seed, Onions and some other products from essential commodities list. Thereby it eliminated the restrictions of storage.
This bill can regulate the price of the commodities in better way. Banned the sellers to store in illegally. It also improved the cold storage facilities in our country
Removing the storage of the essential commodities can increase the import of certain food grains. In this way affect the small farmers by reducing its price. Some market players can store the food grains and increase the price artificially. Hence the govt. of India needs to regulate the price very carefully in order to save the Farmers and consumers from exploitation.